The Electronic Data Exchange System (PDE) manifest or goods cargo document which is currently being refined by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise through the Minister of Finance Regulation No.158 / 2017 will be able to improve Indonesia’s logistics performance, said Yukki Nugrahawan Hanafi, General Chair of the Indonesia Logistics and Forwarder Association Indonesia (ILFA) yesterday.
According to him, Indonesia’s 2018 Logistics Performance Index (LPI) has improved 17 levels in two years, ranking 46th out of 160 countries. Indonesia’s LPI rating released by the World Bank 2016 then dropped from position 53 with a score of 3.08 to rank 63 with a score of 2.98.
Of all of these LPI indicators, Indonesia, Indonesia’s highest score is the timeliness indicator with 3.67 points in 41st position. While the customs indicator gets the lowest value with 2.67 points, is in the 62nd position of all countries surveyed.
“With the new PMK 158/2017 policy, I believe customs indicators will be better, so that the Indonesian LPI in the end of 2019 will be equivalent to neighboring countries and even better,” Yukki told the press here early this week.
Yukki said that it was responding to the PMK 158/2017 evaluation discussed between associations such as ALFI and INSA with the Directorate General of Customs and Excise in Jakarta Monday (06/08) for the sea transportation sector. While in the air transport sector is scheduled to be discussed on Tuesday (07/08) with INACA, IATA, ALFI and PT. Angkasa Pura II, etc.
The new PDE manifest system, he added, allows freight forwarding companies as NVOCC (Non Vessel Common Carrier Operating) to be able to directly access the system in Customs and INSW in entering data on imported / exported goods electronically.
Previously, freight forwarding to make changes and improve electronic import and export documents had to go through shipping companies and airlines.
“This policy is in accordance with the ASEAN agreement in the field of logistics,” said Yukki who is also Chair of the AFFA (The ASEAN Federation of Forwarders Association).
ALFI, Yukki said, welcomed the evaluation of the policy before it was fully implemented, so that if fully implemented it would not interfere with the import and export process.
“In addition, this manifest PDE system must also be integrated with the ASEAN Single Window (ASW),” he said.
He added that the efforts of the Directorate General of Customs and Excise need to be followed by relevant ministries and government agencies involved in the international trade process (export and import). Because, he continued, for export and import activities involving 15 ministries and three (3) state institutions.
The Customs Policy that leads to trade facilitation is right, so that with this policy will be able to accelerate the import and export process. “International trade will accelerate well.”
However, Customs and Excise alone is not enough, Yukki continued, because other ministries, especially Transportation, Trade, Industry, Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, Health, Kemenhankam, Bapeten, Kominfo, Ministry of Environment, Police, Bank Indonesia, Animal, Fish and Plant Quarantine Agency, National Agency of Drug and Food Control. (ac / bw)